Top 10 Reasons for Slow Growing
Follicles in IVF

How do Follicles Grow?

Follicle growth is a complex process that occurs within the ovaries as part of the menstrual cycle. Here’s a simplified explanation of how follicles grow:
At the beginning of each menstrual cycle, multiple small follicles are recruited from the pool of primordial follicles in the ovaries.
Under the influence of hormones such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), a few follicles are selected for further development.
The selected follicle begins to grow and mature, primarily in the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle.
Within the growing follicle, the immature egg undergoes a process called oocyte maturation. This involves the egg developing the ability to be fertilized by sperm.
Once the dominant follicle reaches a certain size and the egg inside it has matured, a surge in LH triggers ovulation.
After ovulation, the ruptured follicle transforms into a temporary endocrine structure called the corpus luteum. The corpus luteum secretes progesterone, which prepares the uterine lining for an implantation of a fertilized egg.
If fertilization does not occur, the corpus luteum degenerates, hormone levels decline, and the menstrual cycle begins anew with the shedding of the uterine lining (menstruation).

Why Do Follicles Grow Slowly?

Follicle growth, a crucial process in female reproductive health, can sometimes proceed at a slower pace than expected. The development of follicles, each containing an egg, is essential for ovulation and ultimately conception.

Follicles, which contain eggs, can grow slowly for various reasons. These are the top 10 reasons:

Fluctuations or imbalances in hormones such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estrogen, and progesterone can interfere with the normal process of follicle growth.
PCOS is a hormonal disorder characterized by enlarged ovaries with multiple small follicles.
As women age, the ovarian reserve (the number and quality of eggs) declines, leading to slower follicle growth and decreased fertility.
High levels of stress can affect hormone levels and disrupt the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, which regulates the menstrual cycle and follicle growth.
Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders, autoimmune diseases, and ovarian cysts, can interfere with follicle development and slow down growth.
Some medications, including certain antidepressants, antipsychotics, and chemotherapy drugs, can impact ovarian function and inhibit follicle growth.
Poor nutrition, excessive exercise, smoking, and substance abuse can all negatively affect follicle growth and overall reproductive health.
Genetic abnormalities or variations can influence ovarian function and follicle development, leading to slower growth rates.
Exposure to environmental toxins, pollutants, and endocrine-disrupting chemicals may interfere with hormonal balance and impede follicle growth.
Surgeries involving the ovaries or reproductive organs, such as ovarian cyst removal or tubal ligation, can sometimes disrupt ovarian function and slow down follicle growth.

Treatments for Slow Follicle Growth:

When dealing with slow follicle growth, several treatment options may be considered based on the underlying cause and individual circumstances. It’s important to work closely with a healthcare provider or fertility specialist to determine the most appropriate treatment approach based on individual needs and circumstances. A comprehensive evaluation can help identify the underlying factors contributing to slow follicle growth and guide the selection of targeted interventions to optimize fertility outcomes.

At Eva IVF & Women’s Centre, they give personalized IVF protocols to solve the problem of slow growth of follicles. They will find the reason for your issue and give you the appropriate treatment. If follicles are nurtured well, IVF success rates increase proportionally.